How to Lay Ceramic or Porcelain Floor Tiles – Part 4

Part 4 of this guide is where you get to finally see what you have been working towards. Here we will cover the laying of the adhesive (also known as mastic) and the actually method of laying tiles. We will also deal with the method used to apply the grout (known as grouting).

Now, put all your tiles to the side and start spreading the mastic with the notched trowel. Again, only work in one quadrant and always start at the center point. Follow the pattern you set in the rehearsal which follows the floor tile designs that you made. Spread the adhesive evenly and using the notched edge of the trowel, make a raking motion. The grooves you make should neither be too shallow, nor should they be too deep. Set your first tile at the corner of the center point, pushing it firmly but lightly. Set the tile spacer and continue. Always remember to set tile spacers after each and every tile so that the tiles do not look like they have been placed unevenly.

Use your level to make sure the level of the tiles are all equal. Despite your prep work, not all surfaces are equal and this is the last chance you will have to make sure everything is as perfect as possible before you complete your perfect floor tile design. If the level is uneven, you can adjust it by adding more force to the tile or in the opposite case, adding more adhesive to make it higher. This will help you keep everything level. Once you have finished off the quadrant, proceed to remove the tile spacers so that they do not set into the adhesive. Follow this process until all four remaining quadrants are finished. Always make sure that you check the level as you go along. Caution is paramount.

Now what you have to do is wait. It is recommended to wait at least one day (or at the very least overnight) for the adhesive to dry, or cure, before you start adding the grout to the joints.

Once the days waiting has finished, you can begin adding the grout to the joints. Using a rubber float, apply enough grout to be able to work with it, but never ever too much. Do this as you have done everything so far, one quadrant at a time. Diagonally press grout into joints to an even level with the tile. Skim the excess grout from the tile with the rubber float. You will notice a slight “grout haze” on your tiles. Repeat this process on the remaining 3 quadrants.

The wall joints and floor interface is best filled with caulk. The main benefit to using caulk instead of grout in the wall joints is due to the contracting and expanding nature of tiles. You do not want a crack in your floor tile design, so best use caulk. Caulk will act as a buffer to expansion and contraction due to changes in the temperature.

Are you ready to learn all about floor tiles ? Visit www.houston-tile.com to find out everything you need to know!

Porcelain floor tiles and wall tiles.

Porcelain floor tiles will be commonly seen over larger expanses of floor in large shopping centres and places where a hard durable tile is necessary. Porcelain tiles are largely strong and durable due to the manufacturing process they go through and this is what makes them so popular over large expanses of floor.

Porcelain tiles have a large design and style choice which gives home owners the chance to find a style and design that suits the decor within the home and their personal preferences. Porcelain tiles have been used for years as a flooring material but their design and style choices were once quite limited, over the last decade however advancements in technologies have brought forward new and innovative tile designs.

Porcelain tile are incredibly strong, they are virtually scratch proof, heat resistant, stain proof and they are also frost proof.  Porcelain floor tiles also have a very low absorbency rate which means they will not absorb moisture easily, they are also very easy to clean and maintain and there are many cleaning solutions which are ideal for porcelain floor tiles. Some floor tile materials such as many natural stone tile materials are susceptible to damage when certain substances are used but porcelain tiles will not become damaged easily which makes hem incredibly attractive to home owners for both wall tiles an floor tile installation.

It is very acceptable and great design to have both porcelain wall tiles and porcelain floor tiles in one room. The advantages of porcelain wall tiles are much the same as floor tiles and they offer the home owner both fantastic functionality and design solutions.

There are both glazed porcelain tiles and unglazed porcelain tiles and this can confuse home owners a little. There are a few differences that home owners should be aware of but it is always best to check with the manufacturer or the tile store you purchase the tiles from to ensure you know the exact type of tile you have purchase and their functionalities.

Glazed porcelain tiles are incredibly strong and durable and no holes are usually present as any holes are filled, they will certainly not stain and have a very low absorbency rate. The unglazed variety may be more slip resistant than the glazed varieties but both glazed and unglazed varieties are very strong durable tiles that offer great functionality for the home owner.

Although porcelain tiles are generally described as frost resistant, there may be some varieties that are not and this aspect must be checked before purchase to ensure you have the right tile.

Porcelain tiles whether for floor tile or wall tile application make great additions to the home and they will offer both functionality and design style, they will last the test of time and are easy to clean and maintain which is very important for busy homes.

 

Crown tiles supply a wide range of floor tiles and wall tiles,we also supply advice and information on tiles and tiling. http://www.crowntiles.co.uk